Turkey - 05

Turkey: Relations with Azerbaijan: Political Ties and Energy Interests

Turkey and Azerbaijan are closely related ethnically and linguistically, and as such are often referred to as “one nation with two states.” Indeed, in spoken language Azeris and Turks understand each other to a great degree. The contemporary relationship between the two countries dates back to World War I, during which the Ottomans annexed Azerbaijan from the Russian Empire with overwhelming Azeri support. Though Russia eventually reclaimed Azerbaijan, both Azeris and Turks see each other as part of the same nation. The biggest issue in Azeri-Turkish relations is the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute, a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia that originated in 1988, following both countries’ attempts at independence from the Soviet Union.

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