Turkey - 03

Turkey: Erdogan’s Silent Secular Shift: Meaning for Investors

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is known as an Islamist leader. He comes from Turkey’s “National Outlook” tradition, which was established in the late 1960s as a Turkish version of the Muslim Brotherhood. The National Outlook movement’s ideological affinity for the Brotherhood continued long into the tenure of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) under Erdogan’s

Turkey - 01

Turkey: The War Against ISIL, Competition with Russia and Turkey’s Role in Mosul

Since the failed coup attempt of 15 July, the Turkish military has undergone a profound purge, most notably in the colonel and brigadier general ranks, with a total number of 1,684 dismissals (1,068 Army, 154 Navy and 461 Air Force). The coup planning centered on the Air Force Academy and the Incirlik Air Force Base

Turkey - 03

Turkey: After the Gulenists: Who Will Take Over Key Government Positions?

In response to the failed coup on 15-16 July, the Turkish government has removed more than 100,000 civil servants, police and military personnel from duty. The staggering number of dismissals has not only caused alarm over the administrative and institutional repercussions, but also created a substantial rift between Ankara and Western capitals regarding the purges

Turkey - 05

Turkey: New Details of Ankara’s Rapprochement with Moscow

The last year has witnessed a dizzying number of developments in Turkish-Russian-relations. One key milestone came on 16 September, when Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Feridun Sinirlioglu met with Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Lavrov in Sochi to discuss cooperation against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and al-Nusra Front,

Indonesia - 05

Indonesia: ISIL’s First Attack in Indonesia: Implications for IOCs

On 14 January four Indonesians affiliated with ISIL launched an attack with small arms and homemade explosives in the vicinity of the Sarinah shopping center in Jakarta. The attack resulted in the deaths of eight people, including all four attackers and a Canadian citizen, and injured dozens more. The coordinated attack, which included the use

Turkey - 01

Turkey: Behind the Scenes of Ibrahim Kalin’s Interview on Syria

This week Turkey’s main opposition daily Hurriyet conducted an interview with Ibrahim Kalin, the presidential spokesman and closest person to President Erdogan on foreign policy matters. Horizon gained access to some of Kalin’ off-the-record comments during the interview. Hurriyet’s interview with Ibrahim Kalin reveals two main messages: one on the record, that Turkey has no

Turkey - 03

Turkey: The Qandil and Syria Campaigns: Implications for Turkish-Russian Relations

On 5 October two Turkish jets intercepted a Russian jet as it crossed into Turkish airspace after bombing Idlib in Syria. What was more interesting however, is the timing of the airspace violation: the two Turkish jets were returning to base after bombarding PKK positions in the Qandil area. Russia’s aerial targeting patterns since its

Turkey - 01

Turkey: Ankara and Riyadh Boost Syria Cooperation

Recent international media coverage has increasingly centered on renewed Turkish-Saudi initiatives to strengthen various rebel groups fighting President Bashar al-Assad in Syria. Indeed, on 7 May reports emerged that Turkish and Saudi officials had agreed on increasing their cooperation in Syria to include a more active and coordinated strategy of funding and organizing rebel forces.