The Kremlin’s Middle East Strategy after Putin’s Re-election

In the last three years, Russia has pursued a more assertive policy in the Middle East, reshaping its relations both with former Soviet client states and major regional powers. The military intervention in Syria demonstrated the Kremlin’s willingness to deploy force to counter Western influence in the region. Libya’s strongman Khalifa Haftar has received support from Moscow. Russia’s relations with Turkey have lurched from cooperation to a full-blown crisis to an uneasy partnership. Qatar has shed its track record of hostility to the Kremlin to become a major investor in the Russian oil and technology sectors. And a rapprochement with Saudi Arabia has enabled Russia to join the OPEC+ agreements that contributed to oil price recovery in 2017.
Horizon’s new study focuses on the Kremlin’s Middle East strategy and key bilateral relations, drawing implications for Russia’s role in the region and the future trajectories of major regional states.


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